Calidoscópiovol. Palavras-chave: competência simbólica, ensino superior, estudos pós-coloniais, língua adicional. Abstract: Inthere were intense national debates about the role of higher education in South Africa. The historical legacy of social exclusion of apartheid is still present in its public institutions, including the universities. It is in this complex educational context and as part of a set of policies of approximation between Brazil with Africa, coordinated by the Brazilian Ministry of Foreign Affairs, that the Brazilian Lectorate was implemented at the University of Cape Town. The main goal of this article is to outline the implications of these multiple macro political contexts in the development of the guidelines for the pedagogical project and the teaching practices of Portuguese as an additional language in this university, taking as a departure point my experience as a lector. For this task, firstly I delineate briefly the trajectory of the Portuguese Language Section and the impact of the multiple aforementioned contexts in the drawing of the guidelines of the pedagogical project of the section. Secondly, following the theoretical directions pointed out, I discuss the conceptualizations that contributed for the planning of the teaching and learning practices in the area of Portuguese at UCT, with a special emphasis in the concept of symbolic competence. At the end, drawing from this conceptual framework, I present the outline of one Portuguese course and the development of a set of didactic tasks, both designed as part of the activities planned for the lectorate, which index potential ways of teaching Portuguese as an additional language in South Africa aiming to answer to the local needs.
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O presente artigo procede a um levantamento das dificuldades e das perspectivas de familiares das vítimas de violência armada perante os desafios que se apresentam nas suas trajectórias, tanto do ponto de vista individual quanto colectivo. Like Argentina, El Salvador and Guatemala, amongst other countries, Brazil, and more specifically Rio de Janeiro, has witnessed the mobilisation of families of victims of armed violence, in particular massacres carried out by agents of the state. Such groups, which are, to a certain extent, organised, have carried out investigation, presented complaints, and monitored the progress of police inquiries and judicial proceedings.
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The nature of the more or less essentialist representations which inspire and distort these debates varies according to the contexts produced by the historical relations usually colonial of each nation with Islam, by the institutions and knowledges related to it, and by the composition, profile and weight of Muslim communities in each society. But the logic of identity and security that shapes the discourse of Islam as a problem reproduces the same identity and security concerns generated in the colonial context, redefining them now as problems of multiculturalism, governance, tolerance and security. This article calls for a deconstructive approach to Islam through a critical reading of the Portuguese discourse. Said, Três pontos fazem destacar esse interesse.
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